What is the difference between bronchiectasis and chronic bronchitis?

How to care for patients with dilatation

What is the difference between bronchiectasis and chronic bronchitis?
How to care for patients with dilatation

Bronchiectasis is a common type of respiratory disease. It is caused by the chronic complications of the bronchus and its surrounding tissues and the separation of the airways. The bronchial tissue structure is severely pathologically damaged, causing bronchial chronic diseases of lumen expansion and deformation.

So what is the difference between bronchiectasis and chronic bronchitis?

How to care for patients with bronchiectasis?

Differences between bronchiectasis and chronic bronchitis 1. Patients are of different ages: old chronic bronchitis usually occurs in patients with middle-aged or older, often with long-term smoking history, and competition in autumn and winter cold seasons.

Patients with bronchiectasis are involved in all ages.

2, the symptoms are different: old chronic bronchitis patients are generally chronic cough, cough, sputum is mostly white mucus sputum, may appear purulent sputum when infected.

Patients with bronchiectasis are generally coughing a large amount of purulent sputum, repeated hemoptysis or even hemoptysis.

3, the pathology is different: the old slow-branch X-ray examination can be found in the lungs texture thickening, distortion, auscultation of the lungs can hear dry and wet voice; and bronchiectasis patients with CT expansion of the bronchus can be expressed as cystic orColumnar, you can hear the thick wet voice when you are auscultating.

How to care for bronchiectasis patients?

1, usually pay attention to drainage care.

The hazards of cockroaches are great, not permanent airways, affecting ventilation, breeding bacteria in the future, and expanding the infected area.

For patients with acute cough, an antitussive may be given to prevent acute coughing from causing massive hemoptysis.

2, patients with stenosis often associated with chronic sinusitis, gingivitis, chronic tonsillitis and other diseases, due to purulent secretion into the bronchial, resulting in repeated bronchial infection, it is necessary to first treat and remove these diseases, reduce the source of bronchial infection and repeatedattack.
3, patients should eat more high protein, high metabolism, multi-vitamin, digestible diet, supplement the body consumption, improve the body’s ability to resist disease.

4, to do a good oral hygiene, timely clean up oral secretions, to prevent sputum aspiration induced or aggravate infection.

For patients with diseases such as periodontal disease, active treatment should be taken to prevent oral bacteria from entering the lower respiratory tract to cause infection.